Tyumen appears just after crossing Ural and is situated 2138 km from Moscow. The city is situated on Western Siberian Plain. Tyumen was an important centre of the colonisation of Siberia - it is the first city which was established in this area. The city was established by the Cossacks in 1586, after conquering Tatar fortress Czyngi-Tura. The city started to quickly develop thanks to being situated on the trade route from Russia to China. In Tyumen it is worth paying attention to famous wooden Siberian cottages, a cathedral and an enormous monastery complex.