Irkutsk is one of the most both beautiful and interesting Russian cities situated 5185 km away from Moscow. The city lies on the River Irkut and was established in 1661 to protect from the invasions of the residents of Buryatia. Irkutsk lies nearby the pearl of Siberia - Lake Baikal . For many tourists Irkutsk is a perfect base for travelling to lake. Characteristic building complex of Irkutsk are beautiful colourful wooden cottages with painted and richly decorated shutters built on permafrost. Irkutsk is called ByBaikal Gate and it is also a cultural and academic centre of Eastern Siberia.