Nizhny Novgorod

Exactly 461 km from Moscow is situated Nizhny Novgorod . It is the fourth biggest city in The Russian Federation, after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk and it is also one of the most beautiful cities in the country. Nizhny Novgorod was established in 1221 at the initiative of great prince wlodzimierski. At the beginning it was only a fortified city. In 1350 the city became the capital of the Suzdal Principality and from that moment it started its strong development. Its biggest prosperity falls on the 17th century. In the middle of the 19th century it became the trading centre and at the beginning of the 20th century it became one of the biggest economic centres of the country. From that period the saying was taken: Moscow is the centre of Russia, St. Petersburg is its head and Nizhny Novgorod - its wallet. Nizhny Novgorod means beautiful buildings, streets and historical monuments and the most important are: the historical centre of the city - the so-called Kremlin from the beginning of the 16th century, Arsenal, Cathedral of the Archangel, council of the Dormition and Art Gallery with over 12 thousand exhibits.